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Biaya Aktual Tim Administrasi In-House

Dibandingkan dengan managed services tim Administrasi, berapa biaya yang harus dikeluarkan untuk menggaji anggota tim Administrasi-in-house yang ahli?

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Our journey is defined by a steadfast commitment to excellence and an unwavering dedication to our clients. Since our establishment, we take immense pride in having served over 600 clients across diverse industries.

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Software akuntansi Xero sudah menggunakan sistem cloud computing yang artinya Anda tidak perlu menginstalnya lagi di PC (Personal Computer). Anda dapat mengakses laporan keuangan perusahaan atau cash flow secara real time asalkan terhubung dengan internet.

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ERP Implementation Solution

From Startup to Enterprise, NetSuite is the #1 Cloud ERP Business Software Solution.

NetSuite helps you to access financial, operational and transactional data from across the organization. Easily customize dashboards, reports and visual analytics to provide a summary-level overview or an in-depth account of business activity.

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Accounting Software Implementation Solution

The Accounting Software for Everyday Business for Everyone

Xero stands out as a robust online accounting software solution designed for small and medium businesses. Streamline your operations, maintain organized online bookkeeping records, and simplify compliance processes. Trusted by over 3.95 million businesses globally, Xero ensures confidence in managing your financial data.

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Logiframe Jakarta (ID)


PT Theta Jaya Sejahtera (Office 1)
Ciputra International Tokopedia Care
Lt. 16 Unit 38  Jl. Lingkar Luar Barat
No. 101 Jakarta 11740, Indonesia

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PT Theta Jaya Sejahtera (Office 2)
Foresta Business Loft 6 No. 23
Pagedangan BSD, Lengkong Kulon
Tangerang, Banten 15331, Indonesia

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600 California Street
San Francisco, CA 94108
United States of America

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Oracle NetSuite 2023 Award

The award underscores Logiframe's position as a trusted partner in leveraging NetSuite solution to drive business success and operational efficiency. This achievement reflects Logiframe's dedication to staying at the forefront of technology and providing outstanding solutions in the dynamic landscape of ERP.

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5 min read

Demystifying Corporate Income Tax (CIT): Navigating Obligations, Strategies, and Optimization

Demystifying Corporate Income Tax (CIT): Navigating Obligations, Strategies, and Optimization

In the intricate landscape of corporate finance, a critical facet that requires meticulous attention is Corporate Income Tax (CIT). The reason is clear: every business entity established in Indonesia is a taxable entity, mandated to report its income tax at the beginning of the fiscal year for the subsequent period. This obligation has been in place since the reformation era, with the tax rates and calculations intricately defined by prevailing legislation. During that period, the determination of corporate income tax rates was governed by the Income Tax Law, last amended under the Harmonization of Tax Regulation Law (UU HPP). Understanding the essence of CIT and its role as a fundamental element in a company's financial framework is indispensable for enterprises aiming at financial optimization and compliance.


Understanding Corporate Income Tax (CIT)

Corporate Income Tax

Corporate Income Tax, commonly referred to as CIT or also known as PPh Badan, is a financial obligation imposed on the profits earned by businesses or corporations. PPh Badan, or Corporate Income Tax, is levied on the Taxable Income obtained by Corporate Taxpayers during the current tax year without exception, whether it be micro, small, medium, or large-scale corporate taxpayers.

The Corporate Income Tax rate is determined by subtracting the net fiscal income from the compensation from fiscal losses. The net fiscal income represents the domestic income earned by taxpayers, whether from business or non-business activities. Meanwhile, fiscal loss compensation refers to losses incurred by the corporate entity. According to accounting standards, fiscal loss compensation can be provided for up to five consecutive years.


Corporate Income Tax Rates and Special Discounts

Corporate Income Tax Rates and Special Discounts-1
Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Rates:
Typically, a flat CIT rate of 22% is applied to net taxable income. However, specific tax objects or industries may operate under special tax regimes.

Public Company Discount:
Public companies meeting a minimum listing requirement of 40% and fulfilling certain conditions qualify for a tax discount of 3% off the standard rate. This results in an effective tax rate of 19%.

Small Company Discount:
Small enterprises, defined as corporate taxpayers with an annual turnover not exceeding IDR 50 billion rupiah, benefit from a 50% tax discount off the standard rate. This discount is applied proportionally to taxable income on the portion of gross turnover up to IDR 4.8 billion. Additionally, certain enterprises with a gross turnover not exceeding IDR 4.8 billion are subject to a final income tax of 0.5% of turnover.


Find out more about the calculation on :


Key Steps for Online Corporate Tax Filing in Indonesia:

For corporate taxpayers, the completion of Form SPT 1771 along with its attachments is imperative. Before initiating the eFiling process, whether your company has a nil, underpayment, or overpayment status, certain documents must be prepared and uploaded in accordance with PER-01/PJ/2017.

Mandatory Documents to Upload During the E-Filing of the Corporate Annual Tax Return:

  1. SPT 1771
  2. Financial Statements
  3. Gross Revenue Calculation and Payment (Specific for Taxpayers under PP 46)
  4. Debt-to-Equity Ratio and Foreign Private Debt (Specific for PT Taxpayers with Debt)
  5. Summary of Parent and Local Documents (Specific for Taxpayers with Special Relationship Transactions)
  6. Submission of CBCR (Country-by-Country Report)
  7. Entertainment Cost Details (if applicable)
  8. Promotion Cost Details (if applicable)
  9. For Oil and Gas Taxpayers: Annual Report on State Revenue from Oil and/or Natural Gas Upstream Activities
  10. For Permanent Establishments (Bentuk Usaha Tetap-But): SSP Article 26 (4), Notice of Capital Investment Form, Consolidated/Combined Financial Statements


How to File Corporate Annual Tax Online with eFiling DJP Online:

  1. Log in to your e-filing account on the DJP Online page.
  2. Click on e-Filing and select "Create SPT" to begin the SPT creation process.
  3. Answer the provided questions accurately to determine the suitable SPT form for your profile.
  4. Fill it in and complete the form. Follow the provided guide questions.
  5. Enter the verification code sent to your registered email address.
  6. The tax filing process concludes once you click the "Submit SPT" button.

Additionally, corporate taxpayers can opt for the convenience of OnlinePajak to file their Annual Corporate Income Tax for 2023. As an official partner of DJP, OnlinePajak provides a variety of services and features that facilitate businesses in managing transactions, ensuring tax compliance, and optimizing business processes. Through the OnlinePajak e-Filing service, corporate taxpayers can easily, timely, and conveniently file their taxes without the need to queue or face access difficulties during peak hours.


When is corporate income tax paid and filed?

When is corporate income tax paid and filed-1

Annual reporting (SPT Tahunan) is a mandatory requirement for all taxpayers (WP) in Indonesia. Generally, companies in Indonesia are obligated to settle their corporate income tax by the end of the fourth month following the year-end. Furthermore, they must submit their corporate income tax returns by the end of the fourth month after the close of the reported tax year. In general, the filing deadline for individual taxpayers is March 31, while for corporate taxpayers, it is April 30. However, in some cases, the exact deadline date might differ according to the situation, as long as it is still within 4 months after the close of the reported tax year.

Tax payments can be facilitated through designated tax-payment banks to the State Treasury bank. It is essential to attach a copy of the tax payment receipt along with the annual tax returns. If needed, extensions of up to two months are possible by submitting a written notice to the Directorate General of Tax before the tax return deadline.


Tax administration fines

Late Payment Consequences-1If in the previous year, you experienced delays or failed to report the annual tax return, it is imperative to settle the late filing fines before reporting the current year's annual tax return. As per Article 7, paragraph 1 of the UU KUP, administrative sanctions are imposed on taxpayers who fail to file their annual tax returns. The fine is set at IDR 1,000,000 for Corporate Income Tax (PPh) for corporate taxpayers and IDR 100,000 for PPh for individual taxpayers. 

The imposition of tax penalties since the enactment of the Job Creation Law is fluctuating, following the movement of the BI Reference Interest Rate (BI-7DRRR), and the amount of the tax penalty interest rate is determined by the Minister of Finance every month. Previously, the tax penalty rate according to the Tax Law was a single rate, namely 2% per month for late payment or underpayment of taxes. Now, with the implementation of changes in the Job Creation Law and the Taxation Law, the tax penalty administration rate is dynamic every month following the provisions of the tax penalty interest rate determined by the Minister of Finance, referring to the BI interest rate as the basis for the calculation to determine the amount of the tax penalty. Here is a summary of the tax penalty rates based on the type of tax violation:

Types of Tax Sanctions Tax Penalty Interest Rates Uplift
Collection interest [Article 19(1)] 0.55% 0%
Postponement of tax payments/installments [Article 19 (2)] 0.55% 0%
Underpayment of delays in reporting Annual Tax Returns [Article 19 (3)] 0.55% 0%
Correction of SPT [Article 8 (2) & (2a)] 1.97% 5%
Late payment/deposit of tax 1.97% 5%
Tax not/underpaid due to wrong writing/calculation or current year PPh [Article 14 (3)] 1.97% 5%
Disclosure of incorrect filling of SPT [Article 8 (5)] 1.39% 10%
SKPKB Sanctions [Article 13 (2)] 1.80% 15%
SKPKB Sanctions [Article 13 (2a)] 1.80% 15%
SKPKB Sanctions [Article 13 (3b)] 2.22% 15%


Strategies for Financial Optimization

While paying CIT is unavoidable, businesses can adopt strategies to optimize their financial position. Here are some key considerations:

Tax Planning

Tax Planning: Engage in strategic tax planning to identify legal avenues for minimizing taxable income. This may involve taking advantage of tax credits, deductions, and incentives offered by the government.



109Proper Record-Keeping: Maintain accurate and comprehensive financial records. Well-organized records not only facilitate easy tax filing but also provide a basis for claiming legitimate deductions.



Seek Professional AdviceSeek Professional Advice: Consult with tax professionals or financial advisors to ensure that your business is maximizing available tax benefits while staying compliant with ever-evolving tax laws.



Explore Tax CreditsExplore Tax Credits: Investigate tax credits applicable to your industry or business activities. Governments often provide incentives for specific behaviors or investments, and claiming these credits can significantly reduce your tax liability.


Invest in Research and Development (R&D)Invest in Research and Development (R&D): Many jurisdictions offer tax incentives to businesses investing in research and development. Consider allocating resources to R&D projects that not only drive innovation but also qualify for tax relief.


In summary, possessing a comprehensive understanding of Corporate Income Tax is crucial for businesses maneuvering through the intricacies of the financial landscape. Acknowledging the significance of CIT and ensuring compliance with legal requirements are pivotal steps in the effective management of corporate tax obligations. To streamline and enhance the process of reporting and managing your company's CIT, engaging the services of Logiframe, equipped with seasoned tax professionals, proves to be a strategic choice. Leveraging the expertise of Logiframe's professional consultants, backed by decades of collective experience in the field, facilitates the seamless and accurate execution of Corporate Income Tax-related tasks for your business.

Demystifying Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Navigating Obligations, Strategies, and Optimization

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